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What are Trulli?

 

Trulli are an extraordinary example of Italian folk architecture, specific to the region of Puglia. The buildings are different in shape and size but share the easy-to-spot characteristics of circular white stone walls and famous cone-shaped roofs.

A trullo is a dry stone building typically containing a single room and conical roof. Each trullo is often combined together in a complex of houses to make a wider living space of separate rooms and roofs, as such they are more commonly known in plural as trulli.

We have two trulli available for holiday rentals: The five bedroom Villa Fantese (Contrada Fantese 4) and the three bedroom Contrada Fantese 1, both self contained in their own fields with separate swimming pools.

New trulli are still built today. The two trulli that we rent out are 200 years old, but modernised to a high standard with private pools and wifi. In fact, our neighbours and managers, Paolo and Imma Fragnelli are part of a family firm that restores and builds over 50% of all trulli in the valley.

 

Where are Trulli?


Trulli are scattered throughout the Apulia region in both towns and rural countryside. The highest concentration of Trulli in Puglia is in nearby Alberobello where they are protected under the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) world heritage law. 

 

History of Trulli

 

Originally built in the 14th century as temporary homes for local peasant farmers, the nature of their design made it affordable to construct from local stone and also easy to demolish or rebuild to avoid paying the high tax of permanent dwellings.

The unique pyramidal, domed or conical roofs are built up of corbelled limestone slabs. The pinnacle of the roof usually cradles a small ball of stone (said to represent the sun) and unusual symbols of Christian or pagan origin are often painted of the roofs, adding to their curious appeal.

 

Natural climate control

 

The walls of a trullo are made from a double row of stone blocks with the cavity filled with small stones. They are often rendered with lime plaster and whitewashed for protection against drafts. The thick stone walls and dome of the trullo ensure it is pleasantly cool in the summer.